By: Dr. Brian Huber
A note from our editor and founder, Lis Huber:
Other than editing my contributors' work and formatting the weekly emails, I typically stay hands-off when it comes to the articles my contributors write. Therefore, I'm seemingly an invisible force behind what The Adult Dish is and stands for. But today's article is bigger than a weekly email, it's bigger than a guideblog post on how to become a responsible, functional adult. It's about our planet, and what we MUST do to change the devastating route it's headed for.
I remember as a kid, I would lay down under the night sky and feel overwhelmed by and in awe of how much is out there. Despite being able to see the spattering of dots above us, it's hard to imagine that there are whole other planets hanging out in space millions of miles away from us. But we know it's true. Science has not only proved it, it has taken us there. Men have walked on the moon. An International Space Station orbits our Earth. A robot has given us live footage of Mars. Outer space exists: outside of our culture, outside of our country, outside of our world.
Things are no different when it comes to climate change. Forget politics. I don't know when and why it became about what side of the political spectrum we're on, but climate change is bigger than that and influenced by each and every one of us. It's time for us to drop the bickering siblings act and work together towards fixing the planet we all are currently working so hard to wreck. Want to know what the climate change discord is really about? 1) Greed - companies don't want to put monetary effort into making safer environmental choices because they want to keep that money for themselves. Not terribly surprising news, as humans (especially powerful ones) have always been greedy. However, all of those companies (big and small) as well as the economy are going to be screwed if investments in environmentally-friendly methods aren't made ASAP. Like buying health insurance; wouldn't you rather spend a little money now to avoid spending way more later? That's what these big companies should be doing and what those who represent us should be advocating for, but instead they are blinded by the here-and-now of greed. 2) Fear - people are naturally afraid of the unknown, so we hesitate to believe in its existence until it's already too late. However, take a look around you. California's worst ever wildfire outbreak occurred last month, resulting in the displacement of over 50,000 people and death of at least 56. Guess what is a huge contributing factor to these wildfires? The fact California has warmed significantly in the last 100 years! And this is only one of the many natural disasters that have intensified because of climate change. At this point, the devastating effects of climate change are not an unknown, they're a reality that we will all face if significant action isn't taken.
In a way, I understand the hesitation to change. Even when we have undeniable proof right in front of our eyes, it's hard for us to look outside of our small little worlds, especially when it comes to catastrophic disaster. We don't allow our brains to conceptualize the terrorism that occurs every single day in countries thousands of miles away from us. We turn off the news when we hear about yet another mass shooting in a different state. And, as the bystander effect through the Kitty Genovese case shows, we even ignore signs of distress from right outside our doors to maintain the balance and false feeling of normality in our lives. However, though climate change is a whole lot bigger than us, we must accept that it will be affecting every single one of us. Do you want to plan for your future like you currently do by saving for retirement or preparing for your upcoming wedding? Do something every day to reduce your carbon footprint. Who knows, if enough of us actually put a minimal amount of effort into this, we could possibly make a change for the better.
Now on to the Ways to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint article by Research Geologist, ancient climate change specialist, and my dad, Dr. Brian Huber.
The potential impact of future global climate warming is one of the biggest challenges of our times. Since 1988 reports from the International Panel on Climate Change have consistently stated that increasing rates of atmospheric and oceanic heating demonstrate that Earth is warming as a direct result of heat-trapping gases released by the burning of fossil fuels. But if seeing is believing, take a look at photographic and mapped evidence for the shrinking of mountain glaciers in Glacier National Park, and as well as those elsewhere in the world.
You might think that as the world population grows, there is nothing we can do to reduce our voracious appetite for fossil fuels. You might also think that it's too little, too late, when considering recent articles that have indicated we have less than 10 years to shape up in order to save our planet from the disasters associated with climate change. But you’re wrong! Choices that you make on how you live your life every day, and your involvement with community decision-making, can result in a huge reduction in your “carbon footprint.” And, the more people around the world that make a conscious effort to reduce their carbon footprint, the better our chances are of making a positive difference.
What is a carbon footprint?
This term refers to the amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted due to the consumption of fossil fuels. There are online resources readily available to you called “carbon footprint calculators” that can tell you both how big your carbon footprint is and what you can do to reduce it. A simple search on Google will provide links to these resources, or you can check out my two favorite here and here.
Daily adjustments you can make:
Sometimes these daily habits are hard to change, but once a new habit is formed, you’ll be surprised at how easy it is to maintain.
Additional home improvements you can make:
Several additional home improvements can significantly reduce your carbon footprint. Though they may have an upfront cost, most of them will actually save you money over time as you will be paying less on your utility bills, so it's worth the effort in more ways than one. Among the simplest improvements to consider are:
A bigger home improvement project that you can consider is adding solar panels to your roof in order to generate solar electric and/or solar hot water heating. This is a big investment, so you will want to look into any tax incentives that can help defray the cost, as well as find out if your electric company has a policy of purchasing kilowatts produced from your panels. Of course, before doing anything, you’ll want make sure that your roof can even accommodate solar panels that would be capable of generating electricity or heat efficiently (e.g., minimal shading during peak daylight hours).
Other options to consider
There are many other simple things that you can do to further reduce your carbon footprint. For example, you can eat less meat (growing livestock requires a high energy investment), avoid single use plastics such as bottled water, plastic storage bags and plastic shopping bags (bring your own reusable bag!), buy products made of recycled material, and use hand tools such as a rake or snow shovel to avoid using power tools.
Finally, becoming active in community planning and helping promote more funding for building bike paths, adding bike lanes, increasing public transportation, and reducing the number of streetlights is crucial to building cleaner communities that decrease the amount of carbon-based fuel usage. By making small daily adjustments that become new habits and by encouraging friends, family, and communities to do the same, you can be amazed at what a big impact you have on bringing about a greener world!
Dr. Brian Huber is a Research Geologist at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History. Much of his research has focused on reconstructing Earth’s temperature history during the past 115 million years by analyzing the shell chemistry of microscopic marine organisms called foraminifera.
by allyse harris and her dad russ
My dad is the weirdest, funniest and most thoughtful guy I know. He is always loaded with “dad jokes” that make him (and usually nobody else) laugh so hard he starts crying. He will tell me when I am being stupid, but will still hug me tightly after I’ve been stupid. My dad is also the kind of dad who knows (or at least thinks he knows) just about everything, and though he has certainly gifted me with a fair amount of useless knowledge, he has also imparted upon me a great deal of useful “do it yourself” information.
After creating an outline of the information that my dad helped me commit to memory growing up, I decided to FaceTime him at his request. A few of the ever-familiar FaceTime rings chime away before my dad answers. Parked on the couch, Saturday-T-shirt-clad, with a beer in his hand, he helped me put together an outline on basic car maintenance, throwing in his never-ending quips that I’ve added in red italics for your enjoyment.
How to Change the Oil in Your Car
Keep in Mind: Before considering changing the oil (or anything on this list) yourself, keep in mind that though it can be fun to do some of this yourself and it can save you money, your car is an expensive item to replace.
If you feel as though you may not be able to do these tasks right, or the idea of maintaining it yourself seems too daunting, keep an eye out for specials in Groupon, the newspaper, commercials, or simply call up your mechanic or car dealership. Lots of dealerships and mechanics bundle together some of these basic services (oil change, tire rotation, balance & alignment, etc.) for an affordable price which saves you the hassle of doing it yourself. This might also be a better option for people who have newer (fancy and complicated) vehicles, since there may be special parts and processes--which means you could do more harm than good by doing it yourself.
Also Keep in Mind: YouTube is a wonderful resource for things such as car maintenance, and is also full of other “dads” who can walk you through a lot of the following step-by-step. You may even be able to find a video with your specific make and model to watch ahead of time or while you are attempting this the first time.
Okay, dad, so when do you have to change the oil in your car?
It can depend, but for most people it should be about every 3,000-5,000 miles. For heavy travelers or commuters, you may choose to use fully synthetic oil, which allows you to go up to 10,000 miles between oil changes. For the rest of us though, try your best to stick with every 3,000-5,000 miles and use conventional oil.
So, make sure to keep track of the mileage between oil changes (duh). Some garages leave a sticker on the windshield to help remind you, if you have oil changes done by a professional. Or, simply keep track by writing it in the back of the owner’s manual or a small notebook to keep in the glove compartment (or smartphone, I’m sure y’all have an app for that).
Check oil levels regularly using the dipstick, especially before and after long trips. Oil level low? Add a little more and recheck the levels. If the oil level seems to be low often, you may have a leak or more complicated problem that a professional should look at. Oil dirty? Check the mileage of your last oil change –it may be time for the next one. See here for a comparison of what clean oil, oil that needs to be topped off, and dirty oil all look like.
Alright, now we get to the “how to,” and it’s not as hard as you might think! Just set aside some time on the weekend or on your day off, and make sure you have all the stuff on the list below.
What you need:
Locate a couple of parts in/on your car:
The easiest way to do this is to Google a parts diagram for your car’s make, model and year for the following (the linked pictures of the parts may look slightly different in your own car):
IMPORTANT: ONLY CHANGE OIL when car is warm or cold, NEVER HOT.
By Kathy Gambrell
No one likes household chores, but you quickly learn that they are a necessary evil to keep everything clean and in working order. There are a few little-known preventative maintenance tasks that will save you from costly repairs and replacements and keep you healthy overall.
Clean the washing machine
You may not think it’s important to clean an appliance that is designed specifically to clean, but it is. Washing machines can harbor mold and mildew, so taking the time to flush out dangerous pathogens can extend both the life of your clothing AND the life of the washer.
Consumer Reports says that front loading washers are particularly prone to mold buildup. For front loading washers, the article recommends wiping down the rubber gaskets that line the door after each wash. It also suggests that for both top-loading and front-loading washers, you should clean out the soap dispenser, which can harbor mold and mildew.
Finally, the product review experts say that sanitizing your washer every few months with bleach will kill any mold growing in hidden spaces. Read here for a step-by-step guide for getting your washing machine clean and safe to use.
Remove the lint from your clothes dryer
Once you’ve gotten your washer sparkly clean, the next place to look is the lint trap in your clothes dryer. Lint build up is the number one reason for dryer fires. The U.S. Fire Administration reports that 2,900 clothes dryer fires occur each year resulting in 100 injuries and $35 million in property loss. The leading cause, the group says, is the failure to clean them.
So, after every time you dry a load, remove the lint from the lint trap. And every few months, vacuum the lint vent. Check the manufacturer's instruction manual to learn how to access the lint vent in your specific dryer model.
Change furnace filters once a month
Whether you own or rent (landlords *should* be responsible for this but aren't always), making sure you change the furnace air filter once a month ensures better air quality and reduces the chance of an expensive breakdown. The air filter captures debris like pet dander, hair, and dust particles. Once the filter is clogged, the ability of the furnace to circulate air efficiently diminishes.
If you begin to see more dust than usual or if the people in your home start to experience cold or allergy symptoms, the culprit may be your air filter. A furnace overwhelmed with dust and particles can shut down completely, requiring an expensive repair or replacement.
Air filters cost between $10 and $50 a pack depending on the size of the furnace – a lot less than hiring an air and heating contractor to make repairs, which can run up to several hundred dollars. So, stock up and set a reminder each month to make the change. Here's a step-by-step guide for changing the furnace filter.
Flip – and Rotate – the Mattress
Whether you have an inner spring or memory foam mattress, it can experience wear and tear from laying in the same place. Inner springs can wear out and the memory foam can, eventually, lose its snap.
Mattresses are a major investment, costing a few hundred to thousands of dollars. Protecting that investment is simple with a little preventative maintenance: flip it over, so the top is now on the bottom – and rotate it, so the head is now at the foot of the bed. These two steps can more than double the life of your mattress.
Purge the Coffeemaker
What’s morning without that morning brew? But eventually that coffeemaker can get a bit nasty if you don’t clean and sanitize it periodically. You can get a buildup of coffee grounds as well as mildew in hidden spaces, thanks to the moist environment. Condensation from the heated water seeps into crevices and sits, producing mildew. So, take the time every few months to clean it --inside and out.
If you have a simple coffeemaker that uses ground coffee and filters, running a 50-50 solution of white vinegar and water though can flush out the icky, followed by running two cycles of clean hot water. Run the basket and decanter through the dishwasher or clean with a vinegar solution and flush thoroughly. If your coffeemaker has a bit more complicated innards - grinds coffee, uses steamed milk and such, consult your manufacturer’s manual on how to clean and sanitize.
Wash the Bathroom Floor – And Shut the Toilet Lid
The floor is probably the most neglected part of the bathroom. Since the bathroom floor is the catch-all for dust, hair, and other germ-packed particles, making sure it is cleaned and sanitized at least once a week with a disinfecting solution can ensure everyone in the home stays healthy.
Also, it’s important to always flush the toilet with the lid down. (Hear that, gentlemen)??? The reason, writes Charles Gerba, a microbiology professor at the University of Arizona in Tucson, is that “Polluted water vapor erupts out of the flushing toilet bowl, and it can take several hours for these particles to finally settle – not to mention where...If you have your toothbrush too close to the toilet, you are brushing your teeth with what's in your toilet." The phenomena is called “toilet plume” where the swirling water shoots aerosolized urine and feces into the air...Just close the lid, okay?